What is Vision Therapy?

Optometric Vision Therapy is a program of progressive visual activities designed to help patients develop or recover fundamental visual skills, improve visual comfort and efficiency, and enhance the processing of visual information. This program is performed under doctor supervision, and individualized by a vision therapist to fit the specific needs of each patient.

Vision problems can affect a person’s performance in many ways. They may not read efficiently or effectively. It could affect writing abilities, how people move through space, their balance, comfort level of their eyes, headaches, driving skills, and even how they play sports or work at their job.

Dr. O’Connor’s focus is Behavioral Optometry. He assesses your vision, which is the intake, processing and output that occurs from images entering the eyes, and evaluates how it affects a person’s overall performance. He then takes this information and develops a customized Vision Therapy program that will eventually retrain the visual system to receive and process images differently. The goal is to change a person’s overall performance.

For more information on Vision Therapy please take a look at the following resources:

  1. What is Vision Therapy?
  2. Vision Therapy Facts.
  3. Students with Persistent Problems – The Visual Connection


Conditions treated by Vision Therapy

There are different types of therapies for different visual problems and conditions. Some of the more common conditions treated by Dr. O’Connor and his staff include problems with reading, learning, comprehension, visual perception, paying attention, working on computers or other near centered tasks and headaches.  They also work with patients who have amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed/misaligned eyes), traumatic brain injuries, developmental delays, and strokes.

Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

Amblyopia, commonly referred to as Lazy Eye, usually occurs when the brain does not fully acknowledge the images seen by an eye with visual clarity that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Usually it only affects one eye, which could eventually turn in or out, but may also cause reduced clarity in both eyes. For more information, please read What is Amblyopia or Lazy Eye? 

Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence Insufficiency is a common near vision problem where the eyes are unable to work together efficiently when looking at nearby objects. It is the leading cause of eyestrain, blurred vision, double vision, and/or headaches. It can often be treated with various Vision Therapy techniques. To learn more about this disorder, please read What is Convergence Insufficiency?


Strabismus is often commonly referred as crossed eyes and occurs when the eyes turn in or out when looking at object. It can often be cured through the use of Vision Therapy. To learn more, please read What is Strabismus?

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Vision Therapy can also be used to treat a myriad of brain injuries including strokes, concussions, traumatic brain injuries, and Cerebral Palsy. To learn more about how Vision Therapy helps with these conditions please read About Vision Problems Associated with Brain Injuries.

Binocular Vision Impairment

Binocular Vision Impairment is when both eyes fail to work together and can often result in blurred vision, seeing double, headaches, nausea, poor depth perception, reading problems, and motion sickness. Glasses along with Vision Therapy are often used in treatment of this impairment. For more information, please read What is Binocular Vision.

*Articles provided by Optometrists Network

Please contact our office to speak with our trained staff about your specific needs. Give us a call at (716) 398-4300 or email us.